CSWG Policy Brief: Scaling up optimal antiretroviral treatment for children: A long overdue intervention

To achieve an AIDS-free generation, optimal treatment options for all infants and young children living with HIV must be available, tolerable and most importantly, effective. Since 2013, the WHO has recommended that all infants and children under three years initiate ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r)-based regimens. However, the transition to preferred pediatric regimens has been slow, and one-third of children remain on a sub-optimal regimen of zidovudine (AZT), lamivudine (3TC) and nevirapine (NVP).

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CSWG Policy Brief: Meaningful engagement of adolescents and young people in national and local HIV programming

Adolescents and young people (AYP) (10-24 years) are being left behind in the HIV response, with high levels of new infections, and lower levels of diagnosis and treatment coverage than adults. National and local programming adapted to their specific needs is critical to ensuring their well-being and to reaching global targets to end AIDS by 2030.

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CSWG Policy Brief: Family-based index case testing to identify children with HIV

Paediatric HIV treatment coverage is stagnating. The most recent estimates suggest that only 46% of children living with HIV are on treatment, well below the AIDS Free target of 1.6 million by the end of 2018. A key challenge is to identify children who are living with HIV that have been missed through routine testing services.

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Approaching 2020: Scaling up key interventions for children and adolescents living with HIV

Urgent and ambitious 2020 global targets are on the horizon, yet there has been insufficient progress in paediatric and adolescent HIV to date. Scaling up HIV services for all children and adolescents is needed, in alignment with the UNAIDS super-fast-track framework. It’s time to make sure that nobody is left behind.

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CSWG Policy Brief: Sensitizing health workers to providing responsive care for adolescents and young people living with HIV

The 95-95-95 targets will only be achieved with zero discrimination, including within healthcare settings. Health worker attitudes, including those of professional and lay providers, are essential in establishing the culture of a health service. Protecting confidentiality and treating adolescents and young people living with HIV (AYPLHIV) with respect are key elements of adolescent and youth-friendly health services (AYFHS).

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CSWG Policy Brief: Complementary and connected: Engaging community and faith-based organizations to deliver PMTCT and pediatric HIV services

To reach global pediatric HIV targets, efforts must extend beyond clinic doors. Community-based organisations (CBOs), faith-based organisations (FBOs) and places of worship can play a pivotal role in accelerating and expanding services. However, for their contribution to be amplified, they must be engaged as integral implementing partners in service delivery and effectively linked to the health system. A systematic approach is required to formally establish and resource these linkages, as well as embed them in district planning and coordination.

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CSWG Policy Brief: Point-of-care testing as a solution for timely early infant diagnosis

Despite remarkable progress in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), 160,000 children were newly infected with HIV in 2016. Less than half of HIV-exposed infants (HEI) received early infant diagnosis (EID) within 6 weeks of life, a major challenge for early antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive infants.

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CSWG Policy Brief: Providing differentiated service delivery to children and adolescents

Children and adolescents living with HIV (CALHIV) have a lifetime of antiretroviral therapy (ART) ahead of them. An estimated 95% of HIV service delivery is currently facility-based, largely undifferentiated for individual need. Differentiated service delivery (DSD) is a client-centred approach, simplifying and adapting services to better meet the needs of people living with HIV and reducing unnecessary burdens on the health care system.

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CSWG Policy Brief: A child-centred approach for HIV programs

As part of their basic human rights, children need access to the best health care possible, safe water to drink, nutritious food, and a clean and safe environment to grow and develop to their full potential. Optimal health, learning and behavior outcomes stem from laying healthy foundations early in life through exposure to the right health care, nutrition, relationships and environment. Whether because of exposure, infection and/or drug effects, HIV impacts health, nutritional, learning and development outcomes.

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CSWG Policy Brief: Strategies to improve retention of mother-baby pairs in PMTCT programs

Approximately half of HIV infections among children take place during breastfeeding. While there has been success in retaining pregnant women on antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy, there has been inadequate focus on retention support to
mother-baby pairs (MBPs) during the breastfeeding period.

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