The ayKP Toolkit is a collection of resources to help you plan and scale up HIV prevention programmes with adolescents and young people from key populations – people aged 10-24 years who: 

- are young sex workers (aged 18 and above)
- are sexually exploited children (under 18)
- are adolescent boys and young men who have sex with men
- are transgender or gender non-conforming
- inject drugs



Over the past decade, there has been good progress in preventing HIV infection in newborns and young children. But results for adolescents and young people aged 10–24 have been more mixed. Since 2010, new HIV infections and HIV-related deaths have declined more slowly among older adolescents (aged 15–19 years) than among children under 10. Globally, almost 60% of new infections among children and adolescents occur in the 15–19 age group.  


aykp graph
This toolkit is for you if you are managing or helping to run HIV prevention programmes at a national or subnational level - whether you work in government, the private sector, an NGO or another civil-society organization, including organizations or networks of key populations or young people.


The resources you will find here include guidance documents as well as practical “how-to” tools. Most can be downloaded directly from this site. Others are links to websites, or online resources such as videos. All the resources were not created especially for this toolkit, but are already in use around the world. They were contributed by representatives of young key population organizations and networks, implementing organizations, donors and UN agencies. 


There are two ways to explore the toolkit and find the resources you need: 

  • Click on the icon for a module on the home page, or select the one that interests you from the Module tab on the toolbar. The eight modules present a curated selection of recent tools. They cover the range of essential activities for planning and implementing a programme. They also address cross-cutting topics such as advocacy, collaboration, innovations, and exchanging knowledge.
  • Click on the Search and Download tab for a more extensive library, which also includes overarching guidance documents that are relevant to many of the modules. On the search page you can narrow your choice using specific search criteria, or browse a complete list of all the tools. 

This toolkit is not an encyclopaedic collection: we have aimed to provide a selection of representative tools from a variety of organizations and geographic regions. Although the majority of tools are in English, some are available in other languages (Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese, Russian or Spanish).  

Some of the resources here do not address adolescent and young key populations specifically, but they are still relevant and can be adapted to local contexts. But gaps remain to be filled by organizations, donors and governments, to give programmes access to the most up-to-date and relevant information and tools for scaling up interventions with adolescents and young people from key populations. 

This website is an evolving resource – please get in touch if you have tools that you think should be part of this toolkit. 

This toolkit is part of a series of resources being developed by UNICEF and partners to address HIV prevention with adolescents and young people. The other toolkits will address:

  • HIV and adolescent girls and young women
  • HIV and pregnant adolescents
  • Adolescents living with HIV

For detailed definitions of these terms, please see the Glossary.




The Adolescent and Young Key Populations toolkit illustrates the global network committed to the health and wellbeing of young people. These tools were honed through results-based programming, innovative teamwork, and collaboration with the populations they were designed to serve. We appreciate the broad range of partners who developed and delivered these tools—whether at the global, regional, country, or community levels. Partners who developed each tool are listed with the tool—as well as here below.

In addition to the specific tools, our partners themselves should be considered crucial resources with even more material to help implementers scale up programmes to reach adolescents and young key populations.

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)

The Food and Agriculture Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Its goal is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. With over 194 member states, FAO works in over 130 countries worldwide.
NOTE: No FAO resources in the toolkit

International Labour Organization (ILO)

The International Labour Organization (ILO) promotes rights at work, encourages decent employment opportunities, enhances social protection, and strengthens dialogue on work-related issues. The ILO site contains many resources concerning the rights of and protections for adolescents and key populations.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)

UNAIDS is leading the global effort to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030 as part of the Sustainable Development Goals. UNAIDS has helped to position, shape and scale up the response to HIV like no other organization, encouraging dialogue and bringing in communities that have been left out of decision-making. The UNAIDS website houses many resources for adolescents and young people.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

UNDP works in about 170 countries and territories, helping to achieve the eradication of poverty and the reduction of inequalities and exclusion. It helps countries to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities, and build resilience in order to sustain development results.

United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture. UNESCO's programmes contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015.

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

UNFPA is the United Nations sexual and reproductive health agency. Our mission is to deliver a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person's potential is fulfilled.

United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

UNODC is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime.

United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerement of Women (UNWOMEN)

UN Women is the global champion for gender equality, working to develop and uphold standards and create an environment in which every woman and girl can exercise her human rights and live up to her full potential. We are trusted partners for advocates and decision-makers from all walks of life, and a leader in the effort to achieve gender equality.

World Bank

With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries.

World Health Organization (WHO)

WHO's primary role is to direct international health within the United Nations' system and to lead partners in global health responses.

Beryl Abade, Bar Hostess Empowerment and Support Programme (BHESP), Kenya
Dzoe Ahmad, Trans Research Education, Advocacy & Training (TREAT), Zimbabwe
Aadi Ammad, Pakistan 
Sarmad Ali, Youth Voices Count, Pakistan 
Justin Francis Bionat, Youth Voices Count, Philippines
Jofiliti Bone Fide, Youth Voices Count, Fiji
Thanh Tung Doan, Lighthouse Social Enterprise, Viet Nam
Simon Herteleer, YSAFE, Belgium
Patricia Humura, Peer To Peer Uganda
Arnielle Juline Ineza, Reseaux National des Jeunes vivants avec le VIH/SIDA (RNJ+), Burundi
Munezero Jacqueline Jaste, Transgender Intersex in Action, Burundi
Rehema Kayendeke, Uganda Youth Coalition on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health & HIV/AIDS (CYSRA Uganda)
Aya Lynn Regina Konan, Côte d'Ivoire
Sergio López, SOMOSGAY, Paraguay
Nikhil Mishra, Rainbow Tigers, Youth Voices Count, India
Phuong Anh Nguyen, Viet Nam
Trevor Peter Njoroge, HOYMAS, Kenya 
Victor Emmanuel Niyonkuru, National Network of Young People Living with HIV (RNJ+), Burundi
Myo Thet Oo, Save the Children International, Youth Voices Count, Myanmar 
Chathushka Perera, Youth Voices Count, Sri Lanka 
Niluka Perera, Youth Voices Count, Sri Lanka 
Mir Reyad, Youth Voices Count, Sweden
Gustavo Ruiz, SOMOSGAY, Paraguay
Firmansyah Sarbini, Support Group & Resource Center on Sexuality Studies, Indonesia
Gajendra Singh, Youth Voices Count, India
Fok Jun (Jeremy) Tan, PT Foundation, Youth Voices Count, Malaysia
Jofiliti Veikoso, Fiji

Aidsfonds, Netherlands
Anova Health Institute, South Africa 
Parinita Bhattacharjee, Centre for Global Public Health, University of Manitoba
Marissa Becker, Centre for Global Public Health, University of Manitoba, Canada
Friedrich Conrad, Elton John AIDS Foundation, United Kingdom
India HIV/AIDS Alliance
International Planned Parenthood Federation
Cecilia Kihara, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, United Kingdom 
Dario Korolija, Y-PEER, Macedonia
LINKAGES Project, FHI 360
Janice Linton, University of Manitoba, Canada 
Petar Mladenov, CSE Global Online Hub
Mitra Motlagh
James Baer, Editor
Ambika Samarthya-Howard,, USA
UNESCO Clearinghouse on HIV and Health Education
Swasti Health Catalyst, India 
Cameron Wolf, USAID