Partners and Resources

A USD $ 29 billion investment can end AIDS by the end of the decade.
 

Global, regional, national and subnational inequalities and differences in progress continue to hamper progress towards ending AIDS by 2030. Significant variations in progress worldwide point to the fact that equally significant investments are needed to accelerate the HIV response to reach the global targets. The rate of progress is continually slowing down—as are increases in access to treatment and efforts ending AIDS-related mortalities.

Opportunities for the Private Sector

The private sector has an important role to play in the HIV response and can further the strides made by UNICEF and partners by leveraging its expertise and assets to respond to the needs of hard-to-reach children. The private sector can partner with UNICEF in the following activities to realize a shared vision of a healthy, HIV/AIDS-free future:

HIV-Sensitive Social Protection

There is a growing body of evidence that suggests that social protection can reduce the risk of HIV infection and poor treatment outcomes by addressing some of the key drivers of HIV among children, adolescents and women, such as poverty, gender inequality, and lack of access to education or ability to stay in school.  

Innovations in Diagnostics

Access to diagnostics to determine HIV infection is one of the major bottlenecks to timely treatment initiation in children and adults. Diagnostics for CD4 staging and monitoring, early infant diagnosis (EID) and viral load (VL) screening to monitor viral suppression have been historically offered using complex technologies, requiring test results to be sent away to central laboratories. Some HIV positive clients can wait for weeks or even months to receive test samples, contributing to loss to follow-up and causing delays that can have serious short-term and long-term impacts.

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Treatment in Children Living with HIV

Access to lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) for pregnant women living with HIV has increased globally, but only two thirds of the estimated 150,000 million infants born to mothers living with HIV annually are tested within two months of birth. And among the 1.7 million children (aged 0–14 years) living with HIV, slightly more than half (54 per cent in 2020) are on treatment. This relatively poor access to testing and treatment has deadly consequences.

Prevention of Vertical Transmission

It is critical that women living with HIV have ready access to services geared toward stopping the transmission of HIV to their children during pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding. Connecting mothers and their children to continued support, testing, retesting, and treatment services during these times lies at the core of PMTCT and elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (EMTCT) programming.

HIV in Adolescence

With increased investments and promising new prevention tools, HIV prevention is experiencing a renaissance. Yet, the rate of decline in new HIV infections among adolescents remains insufficient to meet global targets. Between 2010 and 2020, there was a 34 per cent decline in new HIV infections among adolescents aged 10 – 19, a far cry from the target of a 75 per cent reduction for this period.

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The Journey towards Comprehensive Sexuality Education: Global status report
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